Obituaries - C

Obituaries - C

Sir Alexander (Kirkland) Cairncross

Born in Lesmahagow on 11 February 1911, the son of an ironmonger, Alec Cairncross was one of a talented ‎family of eight. He attended the village school before transferring to Hamilton Academy, where he sat the ‎Glasgow University bursary exam twice, coming nineteenth and second in successive years. After flirting ‎with the idea of becoming a chartered accountant by apprenticeship, he discovered that the apprenticeship ‎period could be shortened by taking a university degree and this, combined with the bursaries, convinced ‎him that University was the right choice. Once in University, Alec says in his autobiography, “by 1931 the ‎world seemed to me to be so constructed that economics was the only subject worth serious study”. That ‎interest was sparked by his observation of the transition of his part of rural Lanarkshire, combining coal ‎mining with farming, from a period of modest prosperity to one of hardship as the years of the Great ‎Depression took their effect, there and elsewhere. ‎Read more about Sir Alexander (Kirkland) Cairncross

Harold Garnet Callan

H G Callan died on the 3rd November, 1993, at the age of 76. 'Mick', to all who knew him, had continued an active ‎scientific life up to the brief illness which preceded his death. He was one of the last of a line of scholars whose ‎knowledge and interests encompassed the whole scope of biology. However, it is for his major contribution to our ‎understanding of the structure of chromosomes, and how they function in replication and in the expression of their genes, ‎that Mick will be remembered best by the scientific community. In particular, Mick Callan's name is inseparably linked ‎with the giant lampbrush chromosomes of amphibian oocytes which provided such a powerful model for universal ‎features of chromosome organisation and activity. ‎Read more about Harold Garnet Callan

Lord Cameron

Lord Emslie writes: Lord (John) Cameron was, I believe, one of the most distinguished Scotsmen of this century. ‎His contribution to the nation and to the Law of Scotland was immense. His history before he began his legal ‎career in 1924 when he was admitted to the Faculty of Advocates was both colourful and outstanding. In 1917 he ‎was dux of the Edinburgh Academy and, proceeding to Edinburgh University, he took 1st Class Honours in ‎Classics and History and thereafter graduated LLB with distinction. As a midshipman RNVR he saw service in the ‎Baltic with his beloved Navy in 1918-1919 and was present when the German High Seas Fleet surrendered in the ‎Forth at the end of the first world war. Read more about Lord Cameron

John Lorne Campbell

John Lorne Campbell was born on 1 October, 1906, in Argyllshire, the eldest son of Col. Duncan Campbell ‎of Inverneill, and died in Fiesole, Italy, on 25 April 1996. He was educated at Cargilfield School (1916-20), ‎and Rugby (1920-25), where he won respect as a Classical scholar. After spending the year 1925-6 in ‎Europe he went up to St John’s College, Oxford, where he studied Natural Science and Agriculture (1926-‎‎29), taking his BA in 1929 (MA 1933). During 1929-30 he took a diploma course in Rural Economy, and ‎also gained practical experience as a farming pupil of Richard Tanner at Kingston Bagpuize. ‎Read more about John Lorne Campbell

Malcolm Murray Campbell

Malcolm Murray Campbell, Murray to his family and Malcolm to his colleagues and friends, ‎was born in Glasgow on 22 August 1943, the eldest of four children. Malcolm was educated ‎at Bellahouston Academy and took First Class Honours in Chemistry at Glasgow University. ‎As a Salters’ Scholar in Glasgow he joined the group of Professor Charles (C J W) Brooks in ‎the developing new field of gas chromatography-mass spectrometry and obtained his PhD in ‎‎1968. In the same year he married Brenda Simpson, herself a graduate in classics at ‎Glasgow University, and after the award of his PhD they both went to Madison, Wisconsin, ‎USA where Malcolm undertook postdoctoral work on mechanistic organic chemistry with ‎Professor Jerry (J A) Berson. ‎Read more about Malcolm Murray Campbell

Sir Matthew Campbell

THE LAST Secretary of the old Department of Agriculture for Scotland who became the first head in 1962 of the Department of Agriculture and Fisheries, Matthew Campbell was an austere and extremely competent civil servant. However, his claim to lasting fame was his work from 1951 to 1954 as Secretary of the Taylor Committee which created the Crofters' Commission. Campbell worked well with Sir Thomas Murray Taylor, at that time the Principal and Vice-Chancellor of Aberdeen University, a distinguished King's Counsel who had been asked by James Stuart, Churchill's incoming Secretary of State for Scotland, to chair an enquiry whose terms of reference were to review crofting conditions in the Highlands and Islands with special reference to the secure establishment of a smallholding population, making full use of agricultural resources and deriving the maximum economic benefit therefrom.  Read more about Sir Matthew Campbell

Neil Campbell

Neil Campbell was born in Edinburgh on 29 August 1903 and died in Kinghorn on 24 July 1996. He spent ‎his early formative years at George Watson’s College with which he maintained strong ties throughout his ‎life, being elected President of the Watsonian Club 1962-63. He was an outstanding athlete and whilst at ‎Watson’s he had particular success in running the quarter mile and playing rugby for the 1st XV. At ‎Edinburgh University he was inspired by the great runner Eric Liddell, who went on to win a Gold Medal in ‎the 1924 Paris Olympics. Campbell ran in many races with Liddell and in his own words, “often admired his ‎style from behind”. These were vintage years for University athletics and Campbell was awarded his ‎Edinburgh University Blue in 1925. Success on the track and on the Rugby field later inspired him to help ‎and encourage others. This he did at all levels with characteristic enthusiasm, whether at a modest school ‎sports, the Scottish Amateur Athletic Association, or the Empire and Commonwealth Games. He was ‎selected as an official timekeeper for the 1958 Empire Games and played a prominent part in the ‎organisation of the Commonwealth Games in Edinburgh in 1970. His Rugby career was cut short by injury ‎but he continued as a referee, becoming a well-known “whistler” who commanded the respect of the whole ‎Borders. In this, as in every other aspect of his life, his integrity and impartiality were widely recognised. ‎Read more about Neil Campbell

Brian Capon

Brian was born in Southampton and educated at Taunton’s School.  He gained a First-class Honours external University of London BSc Degree from University College Southampton in 1952, and a PhD from the University of Southampton in 1955.  He spent two years as a research chemist in the Semiconductor Group of the General Electric Company in Wembley, before choosing an academic career and becoming an Assistant Lecturer in chemistry at Birkbeck College in 1957. Read more about Brian Capon

Harold Burnell Carter

Harold Burnell Carter died on 27th February 2005. His working life, though centred around a single theme, led him into two successive careers, in animal science and historical scholarship. The theme running through Carter’s life-long work was the Merino sheep as a producer of fine wool. The reason for this interest lay in the fact that Merino fine wool had long provided the backbone of the economy of Australia of which Carter was a native son. Typically over 50% of Australia’s export earnings from the 1830’s to the mid 20th century came from the sale of Merino wool. By the 1930s, as Carter began his work, major influences were about to affect the viability of this economy, including, as the most apparent, the rise of synthetic fibres. To the young veterinary graduate, Harold Carter, there was a clear need for scientific investigation into the biology of wool to sustain its economic value in world markets. To this idea he devoted his life’s work.  Read more about Harold Burnell Carter

Toby Carter

Thomas Christopher (Toby) Carter was born on 27th December 1917 on the Isle of Portland, Dorset, where his father, an Officer in the Royal Navy, was based. He had an elder sister, Honor. Toby's father lost his job as a result of the so-called Geddes Axe, in 1922, when a third of all officers in the British Armed Forces lost their jobs due to cuts in public spending. Toby's father had to leave the Navy and started to work for the newly-founded BBC, at Bush House. It meant, however, that the family had to move to London (they later moved to Woking and, much later, back to Dorset). The family's economic circumstances had changed, too. It was impressed upon young Toby that he would have to work very hard at school and win scholarships, if he wanted to have a good, i.e. public school, education and go on to university. Toby was sent to Weymouth College and then, after winning the necessary scholarship, to Clifton College near Bristol, a school with which his family had many connections. A contemporary of his at Weymouth College, incidentally, was the actor John le Mesurier. Read more about Toby Carter

William Owen Chadwick

Owen Chadwick was one of the great religious historians of our time. Remarkable for the wide variety of subjects he treated, he wrote extensively on Christianity and the nature of religion but on many other topics too, including biography and general history. "History tells of the experience of the human race," he believed, and furthermore, because so much of Western historical thought is grounded in religion, "modern historical consciousness arose within Christendom". Read more about Owen Chadwick.  First Published in The Independent - Thursday 23 July 2015 and reproduced with permission from the Independent

Thomas Malcolm Charlton

Thomas Malcolm Charlton was born on 1 September 1923 at South Normanton, Derbyshire, of a long-established ‎mining family. Following his father’s appointment as an underground engine-wright at Hatfield Main Colliery, his ‎family moved to Stainforth. He won a scholarship for Doncaster Grammar School where he remained until 1939. ‎Railways were the love of his life. He founded the School Railway Society; he treasured a prize from Meccano, ‎and revelled in seeing the construction of the streamlined Gresley Pacific Locomotive. During his tenure of a ‎premium apprenticeship which enabled him to study for a Higher National Certificate in Engineering at Doncaster ‎Technical College, he realised that a university degree was necessary if he were to improve his position. Despite a ‎considerable financial sacrifice his parents wholeheartedly supported his aims. He became a full-time student at ‎Derby Technical College for the external Inter BSc(Eng) of London University. Undaunted by the wartime ‎bombings which often caused long delays in his train journeys home, he made considerable progress. ‎Read more about Thomas Malcolm Charlton

Charles Geddes Coull Chesters

Charles Chesters, a mycologist of international acclaim and Emeritus Professor of Botany in the University of ‎Nottingham died at Quenington near Cirencester on 13th February 1993. He was elected to the Fellowship of the Royal ‎Society of Edinburgh in 1953. Charles was born in Glasgow on March 9th 1904, the son of Charles and Margaret Geddes ‎Chesters. He went to the University of Glasgow from Hyndland School in 1922 and graduated with a First in Botany in ‎‎1926. His early interest in teaching which was to continue well into his retirement years was evident from his ‎appointment to a Student Demonstratorship whilst still an undergraduate, and his subsequent appointment in 1927 to an ‎Assistant Lectureship in Botany at the University of Birmingham whilst working parttime for his higher degrees. His ‎early research interests were in aquatic and salt marsh vegetation; his BSc thesis was on the water warrior, Stratiotes ‎aloides and his first publication in the Journal of Ecology was on the peat deposits of Moine Mhor. ‎Read more about Charles Geddes Coull Chesters

Geoffrey Duncan Chisholm

Geoffrey Chisholm was born at Hawera, North Island, New Zealand on 30th September 1931 of Scottish ancestry, ‎and died in Edinburgh on 10th November 1994. His early education was undertaken at the Scots College in ‎Wellington, New Zealand, and when his parents moved to London after the 1939-45 war, he was sent to Malvern ‎College in Worcestershire. From school he entered St Andrews University where he graduated MB, ChB in 1955. ‎At that time clinical studies by St Andrews medical students were undertaken at the Medical School in Dundee, ‎where in due course he held house appointments in the medical and surgical professorial units. ‎Read more about Geoffrey Duncan Chisholm

Malcolm Harold Chisholm

Malcolm H. Chisholm, Distinguished University Professor at The Ohio State University, a Fellow of The Royal Society of Chemistry and an elected member of the National Academy of Sciences died on November 20, 2015 at the age of 70 following a long illness. Malcolm H. Chisholm was educated in England and moved to Canada in 1969 as a postdoctoral fellow and lecturer at the University of Western Ontario. In 1972 he accepted a faculty position at Princeton University and subsequently moved to Indiana University in 1978. In January 2000 he moved from Bloomington to The Ohio State University as a Distinguished Professor of Mathematical & Physical Sciences. In 2006, he was named Distinguished University Professor in the Department of Chemistry at Ohio State University, and served as chair of the department from 2008 to 2011.Read more about Malcolm Chisholm

Antony John Clark

The sudden death of Professor John Clark, at the age of 52, in August 2004 robbed Britain of a world leader in animal science and biotechnology, and an individual whose commitment to science was based on a genuine concern for others. A visionary, energetic and resolute leader, he made outstanding contributions not only in research, but also in translating it to the commercial environment. Clark was director of the Roslin Institute, near Edinburgh, one of the world's leading centres for research on farm and other animals, funded by the Biotechnology and Biological Science Council. He pioneered the development of techniques for the genetic modification of livestock that led to the cloning techniques and the birth, in 1996, of Dolly the sheep, the first animal to be cloned from an adult cell. This event created entirely new opportunities in research and regenerative medicine. Read more about John Clark
This obituary first appeared in The Guardian on 25 August 2004 and is reproduced with their permission.

Robert Bernard Clark

Professor RB (Bob) Clark, the founder and long time editor of The Marine Pollution Bulletin and Fellow of the Royal Society of Edinburgh, died quietly at his home on 28th September 2013, shortly before his 90th Birthday. He is survived by his wife Sue, daughter Juliet, son Stephen and his grandson Gus. Bob Clark had a long and distinguished academic career, graduating first in physics (Chelsea Polytechnic , 1944) before reading Zoology (Exeter University, 1950). His research and writing often reflected that early training as a physical scientist in a zoological context. As a Zoologist, he specialised in the biology of the marine worms (Polychaeta: Annelida), a group with more than 12,000 species, and he was undoubtedly among the leading polychaete biologists of his generation. He held posts at Glasgow University and at Bristol University prior to his appointment to the Chair of Zoology and Director of the Dove Marine Laboratory at Newcastle University in 1965 [1]. During the early years he worked extensively in the USA at Universities of Washington and University of California (Berkeley), where briefly held a post as Assistant Professor, and he worked extensively at the Friday Harbor Marine Laboratory (Washington) which he continued as Visiting Scientist throughout his career. He forged many professional relationships in the USA including that with his first wife, Mary Clark and travelled widely forging scientific links in China through his association with the late professor Wu Bao Lin. He was awarded a DSc by University of London in 1965 and appointed Fellow of the Royal Society of Edinburgh in 1970. Read more about Bob Clark

Commodore Sir John Dutton Clerk of Penicuik, 10th Baronet

Sir John Clerk, who died on 25 October 2002, was not himself a scholar. A modest, kindly ‎and humorous man, he would have been the first to admit this. He did not shine at school (he ‎was sent to Stowe under its remarkable headmaster, the Edinburgh-born J. F. Roxburgh, ‎where he was a contemporary of the young second Earl Haig), and he never attended ‎university. Instead he went to work, effectively as an office-boy, for a Leith grain merchant, ‎commuting by train to his daily grind (figuratively if not quite literally) from the family’s house ‎in North Berwick. Sea-side living and Leith working must have instilled in him that ancestral ‎love of the sea which had directed the lives of forebears who had served in the Royal Navy ‎and of his great kinsman, John Clerk of Eldin, who had devised the naval tactics of the Navy ‎of Rodney and Nelson and whose famous theoretical manoeuvre of ‘breaking the line’ had ‎contributed in no small degree to the winning of battles from Dominica to Trafalgar. John ‎Clerk took great pride in his family’s naval connections, and loved to show visitors to Penicuk ‎House the small cork and wax models of ships (they resemble nothing so much as desiccated ‎cocktail sausages) which are alleged to have been those with which the land-lubber Clerk of ‎Eldin worked out his theories on paper and with which he experimented on the High Pond of ‎Penicuik and the canal at Mavisbank. ‎Read more about Sir John Clerk of Penicuik

Jeffrey Collins

Jeff Collins was recruited back to the UK from Stanford University and Rockwell International to take up a professorship in industrial electronics at the University of Edinburgh in 1970. He brought with him the new field of surface acoustic wave (SAW) devices securing very significant financial support from the research council and the MoD, to grow from scratch a group of 10 researchers in analogue signal processing and magnetostatic wave devices.  He initiated this communications research group in Edinburgh, while simultaneously serving with Mike Moran and Waverley Cameron as Technical Director of the local Newbridge company Microwave and Electronic Systems (MESL) where he expanded their commercial capabilities beyond microwave devices into new radar receiver designs. At this time he was also assisted at the University by Douglas Adam, a graduate from Glasgow and at the University and MESL by John Owens, then a recent PhD graduate from Stanford. Learn more about Jeff Collins

Lord Clydesmuir (Ronald John Bilsland Colville)‎

Ronald John Bilsland Colville, Baron Clydesmuir of Braidwood, former Governor of the Bank of Scotland ‎and Lord- Lieutenant of Lanarkshire, died on 2 October 1996, aged 79. He was born in Glasgow on 21 May ‎‎1917. The death in Edinburgh of Ronald Clydesmuir cost Scotland a most distinguished contributor to its ‎public life and the Society lost one whose election in 1978 as an Honorary Fellow added lustre to the ‎Fellowship. The sense of loss among those who knew him was as much for the private man as for the public ‎servant. He was one of those happily constituted individuals who, wherever he found himself, spread good ‎cheer and won lasting affection as well as earning admiration and respect. His underlying seriousness of ‎purpose was conveyed with the lightest of touches and his achievements were camouflaged with an ‎endearing modesty. His family background, education and upbringing, conventional in their day, always ‎made it likely that he would be expected to shoulder responsibility but, as for so many of his and the ‎previous generation, it was the turbulent events, national and international, political and economic, of the ‎first half of this century that most profoundly shaped the man and influenced his subsequent career. ‎Read more about Baron Ronald John Bilsland Colville Clydesmuir

William Cochran

William Cochran, who died on 28th August 2003 at the age of 81, was a distinguished ‎physicist of international renown. During the 1950’s and 1960’s he did pioneering work on ‎many of the problems that underpinned Nobel prizes won by others, including the structure of ‎DNA, so-called ‘direct methods’ for determining the arrangement of atoms in crystal ‎structures, and the interpretation of the way atoms vibrate in solids from the then new ‎technique of inelastic neutron scattering. He was also responsible for major advances in the ‎theoretical understanding of the way crystalline solids transform from one structure to ‎another, often accompanied by important changes in physical properties. ‎Read more about William Cochran

Emilio Coia

It has been rightly said by Alan Taylor writing in The Guardian that Emilio Coia personified the Edinburgh ‎Festival. As The Scotsman’s resident caricaturist for nearly fifty years he drew all of the great actors, actresses, ‎musicians, ballet dancers, artists, and personalities who performed in that great feast of culture. Among them ‎‎(whose pictures with many hundred other Coias, adorn the walls of The Scotsman office) were the conductors ‎Solti, Previn, Barenboim, Ozawa, Von Karajan and Guilini; the singers Teresa Berganza and Jessye Norman; ‎Margot Fonteyn, Peter Ustinov and Duncan Macrae. He was a kindly caricaturist and many of his subjects loved ‎him and became close friends. Yehudi Menuhin said of him ‘He is every musician’s favourite caricaturist! I look ‎forward to his drawings as much as anything else in The Scotsman when I visit my beloved Edinburgh’. There was ‎only one artiste who did not appreciate his talents. At the 1984 Festival, as he was sketching the dancer Nureyev in ‎the wings of the Playhouse, he had his pad snatched from him and the drawings (he managed to salvage one) torn ‎out. ‘The rudest man that I have ever met’ was Coia’s judgement. As well as drawing for The Scotsman he did a ‎long series of caricatures for Scottish Field. Faces fascinated him: ‘The face to me is the greatest visual miracle on ‎this planet and a never-ending source of wonder’. He was a compulsive artist. And he drew not only the famous. ‎Anyone sitting opposite him at a dinner party was liable to be the ‘victim’. Many a restaurateur paled in ‎apprehension as he set to on the linen tablecovers and napkins with his pen. Then the apprehension turned to ‎beaming admiration as the portrait emerged. But for many of us the abiding memory of Emilio is not that of seeing ‎him draw but of seeing him dance, an ability that he inherited from his mother. He danced at my wedding and he ‎danced at my son’s wedding. I like to think that he is dancing his way through eternity to immortality. ‎Read more about Emilio Coia

Alan Hugh Cook

Alan Cook was a physicist with an unusually wide range of interests, centred on the structure of the Earth and other planets, as well as phenomena arising from the vast clouds of attenuated gas that abound in more distant regions of our galaxy. In pursuit of these interests he became involved in exact measurement and the establishment of standards in metrology. Read more about Alan Cook
This obituary first appeared in The Independent on 31 July 2004.  Reproduced with permission from The Independent

John Terence Coppock

Terry Coppock was one of the outstanding geographers of his generation, a major contributor to academic ‎life in Scotland, an untiring advocate of the application of academic research to public policy, and a ‎proponent of the use of information technology in research in many fields of the humanities and social ‎sciences. Ogilvie Professor of Geography in the University of Edinburgh from 1966 to1986, and Secretary ‎and Treasurer of the Carnegie Trust for the Universities of Scotland from 1986 to 2000, he was born in ‎Cardiff on 2nd June 1921 and died in Edinburgh on 28th June 2000. Educated at Penarth County School, he ‎left school at 17 in 1938 and became a civil servant in the Lord Chancellor's Department. Shortly afterwards ‎he joined a territorial battalion of the Welsh Regiment, went to camp in August 1939, and did not return to ‎civil life for over seven years. He spent the first two and a half years of military service in various parts of ‎the UK including Scotland and Northern Ireland, and the next four and a half in various parts of the Middle ‎East which he reached via Cape Town and Aden. He had always enjoyed geography at school and his ‎extensive travels in the Middle East awakened his interest in the differences between places. However, he ‎returned to the Civil Service in 1946 and rapidly became in turn an executive officer in the Ministry of ‎Works and an officer of Customs and Excise (his pre-War ambition). A year later, in 1949, he left to accept a ‎place at Queen's College, Cambridge, where within two years he was awarded first class in both Parts I and ‎II of the Geographical Tripos. After a year as a research student in Cambridge, reading widely and ‎continuing his practice of sampling senior undergraduate courses in other disciplines, he was appointed to ‎the staff of the Geography Department of University College, where he remained for fifteen years, as ‎Assistant Lecturer (1950-52), Lecturer (1952-64) and Reader (1964-65). Read more about John Terence Coppock

Philip Steven Corbet

Philip Steven Corbet, who died on 13 February, 2008 aged 78 at his home in West Cornwall, was a zoologist ─ by inclination, training, experience and achievement. In particular, he was a specialist on the ecology of dragonflies and mosquitoes, and an earnest advocate of a human population policy. His father, Alexander Steven Corbet, at one time Deputy Keeper of Entomology at The Natural History Museum, was the recognised authority on Malaysian butterflies. The atmosphere in the Corbet family home was pervaded by his father’s love of natural history. Philip’s sister, Sarah A. Corbet, is an authority on British bumble bees and the pollination of plants by insects. Read more about Philip Corbet.

William Murray Cormie

Bill Cormie achieved great distinction in a broad range of activities, professionally and through his contributions to the community. His achievements were matched by a balanced and engaging but modest personality that made him many friends and admirers. He was the eldest of four children, from a family with a craftsmanship background. His father, James, was a foreman iron turner, and this may have influenced his choice of a career in civil engineering. After Dumbarton Academy he entered the faculty of engineering at the University of Glasgow and graduated with first-class honours in civil engineering in 1937. He financed his studies by lecturing part-time at Stow College. Read more about Bill Cormie

John McKenzie Grant Cowie (Ian)

Ian Cowie was born in Edinburgh on 31 May 1933 to George and Helen Cowie. His early schooling began in 1938 at Moray House School and during the war years was continued in a tiny village school near Portgordon, Banffshire, while his father served in the RAF. His parents came from adjacent fishing villages on the Banffshire coast, George from Buckie (his parents were both involved in fishing) and Helen from Portgordon (her parents were teachers). George had served his apprenticeship in his uncle’s pharmacy in Dunbar and, on completion, had moved to Edinburgh where he worked as an industrial pharmaceutical chemist and had married Helen. The family returned to Edinburgh after the war and Ian entered the Royal High School in 1948. His chemistry master encouraged him not to consider chemistry as his future career choice but Ian ignored this advice and in 1955 graduated with first class honours in chemistry at Edinburgh University. Read more about Ian Cowie

Roger Arthur Cowley

Roger Cowley, who has died aged 75, was one of the leading physicists of his generation. He was a highly versatile scientist who made important contributions to the understanding of the motion of atoms in solids and liquids, the mechanisms of structural phase transitions, and to a range of magnetic phenomena. Adept at both experiment and theory, he had the rare gift of being able to see through the layers of complexity that often cloud real-world materials and capture the essence of their behaviour in simple models. Cowley’s deep intellect and analytical powers emerged early on. As a research student in Cambridge (1960-1963) he performed neutron scattering experiments to study the atomic vibrations in crystals and developed related theory. In a highly influential experiment he showed that the anomalous dielectric properties of crystals like SrTiO3 are associated with a low-frequency vibration, the so-called ‘soft-mode’, and in a seminal review he developed a method to calculate anharmonic properties such as thermal expansion and thermal conductivity using Feynman diagrammatic perturbation theory. Cowley published ten papers from his PhD work, seven as sole author. Read more about Roger Cowley (Obituary first published in The University of Oxford, Department of Physics Newsletter, Spring 2015, Number 6 and reproduced with permission from the University of Oxford Department of Physics and Andrew Boothroyd)

Gordon Younger Craig

Gordon Craig was born on the 17th January 1925 in Milngavie, the only son of James and Emily Maud Craig. Gordon’s father was an accountant with what was then the Zanaco Sugar Company and though in a relatively humble position was a self-taught man, reading novels in their original language. Gordon’s mother was a teacher and when his father died when Gordon was only 16, a strong relationship developed between Gordon and his mother though he always wished that he had known his father better. Gordon attended Hillhead High School and Bearsden Academy before entering Glasgow University, the period of study interrupted by wartime naval service. He was a bit of an entrepreneur, instigating Saturday night University Union Palais dances which boosted the funds of the University Geological Society and permitted bringing prestigious speakers to joint meetings with the Glasgow Geological Society. He graduated in 1946 with a first class honours degree and was a demonstrator in the Glasgow department from 1946-47. Read more about Gordon Craig

William Alexander Cramond

That Stirling University has an assured place among well- regarded British universities is in significant part due to the wise and constructive vice-chancellorship of the distinguished psychiatrist William Cramond. In 1975, when Cramond took over the reins, the future of Stirling University was in peril. Over dinner in 1974, so serious a scientist as David Phillips (later Lord Phillips of Ellesmere), then Professor of Molecular Biophysics at Oxford University, told me that his advice was to close four British universities - one of which he named as Stirling - and concentrate resources elsewhere. Moreover, Stirling was uniquely vulnerable. In 1972 there had been a royal visit. The students had been cooped up indoors in cafeterias with access to alcohol. One student, looking malign, but actually benevolently sozzled, approached the Queen bottle in hand, and the threatening picture went round the world. The name of Stirling was besmirched. Potential donors had second thoughts. Read more about William Cramond
This obituary first appeared in The Independent on 24 June 2004.  Reproduced with permission from The Independent

John Crichton-Stuart

John Crichton-Stuart, 6th Marquess of Bute, died on 21 July 1993 at his family home, Mount Stuart, on the Isle of Bute, ‎aged sixty years. He was born on 27 February 1933, fifteen minutes before his twin brother David, as eldest son of the 5th ‎Marquess of Bute and of Eileen, Marchioness of Bute, herself the younger daughter of the 8th Earl of Granard. He was ‎educated at Ampleforth College, and Trinity College, Cambridge, where he read history. From 1947 to 1956 he was ‎styled Earl of Dumfries, and in 1956 succeeded his father as 6th Marquess of Bute. His full titles, with the dates of their ‎creation, were: Lord Crichton (1488), Baronet (1627), Earl of Dumfries, Viscount of Air, Lord Crichton of Sanquhar and ‎Cumnock (1633), Earl of Bute, Viscount Kingarth, Lord Mountstuart, Cumrae and Inchmarnock (1703), Baron ‎Mountstuart of Wortley (1761), Baron Cardiff of Cardiff Castle (1776), Earl of Windsor and Viscount Mountjoy (1796). ‎He was Hereditary Sheriff and Coroner of the County of Bute, Hereditary Keeper of Rothesay Castle, and patron of 9 ‎livings, but being a Roman Catholic could not present. He was Lord-Lieutenant of Bute from 1967 to 1975, and of Argyll ‎and Bute from 1990 until his death. ‎Read more about John Crichton-Stuart

Sir John Crofton

For seven decades John Crofton conducted a professional and public battle against tuberculosis and lung disease.
For a quarter of a century, from 1952 to 1977, he held the Chair of Respiratory Diseases in the University of Edinburgh. A world authority, from 1984 until 1988 he was Chairman of the International Union against Tuberculosis and Lung Disease. John Wenman Crofton was born into a medical family, the son of a GP. After a rigorous education at Tonbridge, for which he was forever grateful, he went up to Sidney Sussex College, Cambridge, where, under the direction, among others, of the Nobel Prize winner C.T.R. Wilson, the originator of the Cloud Chamber used to detect particles of ionising radiation, he graduated with First Class Honours in the Natural Science Tripos in 1933. His undergraduate career gave more than a few hints of what was to follow, with many prizes and awards. He then went to St Thomas's for clinical training until 1937. Read more about Sir John Crofton 
This obituary was first published in The Independent on 3 November 2009

Robert Craigie Cross

When Robert Cross went to Aberdeen University as Regius Professor of Logic in 1953, philosophy teaching ‎was divided into two traditional departments - Moral Philosophy and Logic and Metaphysics - and an ‎elementary course in philosophy was compulsory for arts students. These aspects were to change radically. ‎Aberdeen was still then a small, local university with the traditions of Scottish higher education firmly in ‎place. Students came largely from the North-East region, there were no student residences, and "meal ‎Monday" was used to enable students to return home for a break. In his first few years Cross, with Wladek ‎Bednarowski, established up-to-date courses in logic, general philosophy and the history of philosophy ‎which emphasised the virtues of clarity, careful analysis and common sense typical of Oxford philosophy at ‎the time. Cross's own major philosophical work was Plato's Republic: a philosophical commentary, written ‎with A. D. Woozley (his part being written in his distinctive near-indecipherable handwriting, sometimes ‎known as "Linear C") and published in 1964. It was written not as a new work of scholarship but as a ‎patient, careful survey of the arguments in the Republic which students at all levels would find accessible ‎and illuminating. The book had the characteristic care and lucidity in outlining Plato's views which were ‎typical of Cross's writing and teaching. It has been widely used ever since. He took great satisfaction from ‎learning in the mid-1990s that students continued to take substantial numbers of photocopies from the book; ‎and it is still prominently cited as a basic text for students. ‎Read more about Robert Craigie Cross

Sir Samuel (Crowe) Curran‎

Samuel Crowe Curran was born in Ballymena on 23 May 1912 his mother having gone to her ancestral ‎home so that Sam could be born in Northern Ireland. Soon afterwards she returned with him to her husband ‎and family in Wishaw, Lanarkshire where Sam was to spend the remainder of his childhood and youth. He ‎was essentially in speech and outlook a West of Scotland man. He attended the local school, where he ‎became dux, and in 1929, at the age of seventeen he entered Glasgow University, gaining a BSc and an MA ‎with First Class Honours in Mathematics and Physics. He joined the Physics Department as a PhD research ‎student in 1934 to work on the diffraction of beta rays of radium. He found however that little work with ‎radioactive materials was being carried out in the Department and he had to modify and reconstruct Geiger ‎counters that had long lain idle. Completing his thesis in 1937, he moved to Cambridge to study for a further ‎PhD. ‎Read more about Sir Samuel Crowe Curran

Sir Alastair (Robert) Currie

Alastair Currie was born on the Island of Islay on the 8th October 1921 and died on the 12th of January 1994. He greatly ‎appreciated his education at Port Ellen School and Bowmore High School in Islay and later at the High School in ‎Glasgow. He was a student of the University of Glasgow, graduating with the degrees of BSc, MB, ChB in 1944. After ‎House Officer appointments he was selected for specialist training in Pathology at the University Department of ‎Pathology, Glasgow Royal Infirmary, where, apart from a period of national service with the Royal Army Medical Corps, ‎mainly in Austria, he remained as lecturer and senior lecturer until 1959. In 1972 he was invited to the Chair of ‎Pathology in the University of Edinburgh, where he remained until his retirement in 1986. This was his most fruitful ‎period. Characteristically he re-organised and re-vitalised the department, recruiting a number of academic staff talented ‎in teaching, diagnosis and research. To each he provided the support necessary for their career development. The ‎Department in Edinburgh became an international centre of excellence, and a model for others to follow in the UK and ‎abroad. ‎Read more about Sir Alastair Robert Currie

Ronald Ian Currie

The scientific career of Ron Currie, who died in Oban on 19 February 1996 at the age of 67, reflects the ‎development of marine science over the past half-century. On the one hand, the very scale of the oceans ‎makes extensive observations essential to a fundamental scientific understanding, and oceanography is ‎multidisciplinary and international as a consequence. On the other hand, particular systems and processes ‎have to be studied at specific localities suited to the task in hand. Ron played a major role in developing both ‎these approaches and combining the results to produce a balanced view. Read more about Ronald Ian Currie

Elizabeth Graham Cutter

Emeritus Professor Elizabeth Graham Cutter, who died of cancer aged 81, had an international reputation for her extraordinarily precise microsurgical approach to studies of the anatomy and development of lower and higher plants. She employed this approach to understand how various types of plant cells and organs originate, are modified, and function. Read more about Elizabeth Cutter


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